KnowBrainer Speech Recognition
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Topic Title: Keyboard shortcut problem
Topic Summary: Need a voice command for a long shortcut
Created On: 06/03/2023 03:36 PM
Status: Post and Reply
Linear : Threading : Single : Branch
 Keyboard shortcut problem   - jmcvay - 06/03/2023 03:36 PM  
 Keyboard shortcut problem   - Alan Cantor - 06/03/2023 03:42 PM  
 Keyboard shortcut problem   - Ag - 06/03/2023 05:13 PM  
 Keyboard shortcut problem   - monkey8 - 06/04/2023 06:51 AM  
 06/03/2023 03:36 PM
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I just downloaded an app called CotranslatorAI to facilitate use of ChatGPT as a translation assistance. It has a couple of long keyboard shortcuts for transferring text back and forth between that app apps when the source text is located. One shortcut requires three keys and the other four. Step-by-Step should be an easy way of creating voice commands to activate shortcuts, but it isn't working; the OK button greys out when I depress the second key. Here are the two shortcuts:

Ctrl + Shift + Alt

Ctrl + Shift + Alt + F12

I've also tried to create voice commands using Advanced Scripting, like so:

SendKeys "{CTRL}{ SHIFT}{ALT}"

That returns an error message: Description (10111) Invalid key name. - A call to WSALookupServiceEnd was made while this call was still processing. The call has been cancled.

Can someone tell me where I'm going wrong.


James McVay

 06/03/2023 03:42 PM
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Alan Cantor
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Not sure how to press only Alt, Ctrl, and Shift at the same time without a fourth key to modify. But the second example should be easy enough:

SendDragonKeys "{Ctrl+Shift+Alt+F12}"

You can probably substitute SendSystemKeys. The syntax will be identical.

The syntax is different for SendKeys. Using SendDragonKeys or SendSystemKeys will enhance the readability of the code, at least a little.
 06/03/2023 05:13 PM
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Originally posted by: Alan Cantor Not sure how to press only Alt, Ctrl, and

Shift at the same time without a fourth key to modify.


IIRC  I think it was you Alan who  recently reposted some of @monkey8's code that does stuff like this  at an even lower level, allowing  the usual basic style scripting  code  to generate such events.   IIRC it was code to hold down the number key or the alt key. Just extend it to hold  different keys down.


In AutoHotKey you would do 


send,{Blind}{Alt down}{Ctrl down}{Shift down}


Separate events because that's reality[*], hopefully close enough together that your application detection  does not trigger on them separately. When you design keyboard bindings when often has to make sure  that if you have bound something, e.g. to {Alt down},  it does not do anything that would totally get in the way of what it might want to do if Alt+Ctrl  are both held down.   Sometimes people use timers...



Do your stuff, then send,{Blind}{Alt up}{Ctrl up}{Shift up}


BEWARE:  AutoHotKey sometimes inserts extra events, e.g. it might send {Ctrl Up}  just to make sure that the user doesn't see Alt+Ctrl.    The {Blind} above is supposed to turn that off, but there are other behaviors that it might not.


Note *:  separate key down events because that's "reality": no human can ever press multiple keys at precisely the same time, and even if it did  most hardware does not know how to report it.  There is an even lower level, but in my experience less reliable:   at some point in the pipeline you get keyboard events with modifiers.    If you send an event with all 3 of the Ctl-Alt-Shift  modifiers down, you can make it appear as they have been set atomically.  Possibly even without having seen the key down event for the modifier keys. Which some software  finds confusing.  Note that I said "most hardware". Most modern hardware like USB keyboards. Back in the old old days we had to scan the keyboard...  yada yada yada. Yada yada yada secure communications channel yada yada yada. Old fogey a bloviatiing ...







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 06/04/2023 06:51 AM
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Try this (let me know if it does not work or if one of the previous solutions you have been given does not work) and I will give you another couple of options (obviously just remove the F12 lines for the combination of Ctrl+Shift+Alt only):


' Script 2010
' Declare keyboard events Windows API function
Declare Function keybd_event Lib "user32.dll" (ByVal vKey As _
Long, bScan As Long, ByVal Flag As Long, ByVal exInfo As Long) As Long
Const VK_CTRL = &h11
Const VK_SHIFT = &h10
Const VK_ALT = &h12
Const VK_F12 = &h7B

Sub Main
End Sub



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